- 1 What is the Crack?
- 2 How does it work?
- 3 Crack Effects
- 4 Crack addiction
- 5 What are the short-term effects of Crack?
- 6 What are the long-term effects of Crack?
- 7 Treatment of abuse to Crack
What is crack?
Crack is a crystalline form of cocaine, which usually comes in powder form. It is usually found in solid blocks or crystals that vary in color from yellow to pale pink or white. The popularity of crack, in part, is due to its relatively low cost in the black market, in addition to its fast and powerful action.
Due to the high cost of the cocaine, which has been considered a "drug of the rich." The crack, on the contrary, It sells at such low prices that even teenagers can afford to buy it, at first. The truth is that once a person is addicted, spending is triggered in direct proportion to the increasing amount needed to support the habit.
Crack is consumed after heating and smoking. It's called that because it makes a cracking or popping sound when it heats up.
The appearance of this drug dates back to 1985, when it was first cited in a New York Times article. Apparently the traffickers created it to be able to have a product with few costs and that also made their consumers addicted in a very short time.
Crack is actually the most potent way cocaine is presented, so it is also the most dangerous.
How does it work?
Crack is a psychoactive drug that acts as a powerful stimulant, the consumption of this substance can produce a rapid sensation of euphoria. Its stimulating effect on the body is the product of the acceleration of various mental and physical processes, which serves to increase energy, attention and concentration.
When smoking cocaine, its effects are almost immediate, because the drug is easily absorbed from the lungs into the bloodstream, where it travels rapidly throughout the body and brain.
Compared to traditional cocaine, the crack abuse cycle increases the risk of tolerance, dependence and addiction
Smoking crack allows, as we have said, that the effects reach the brain more quickly, but its duration is much shorter, about fifteen minutes. For this reason, due to the shortness of pleasant effects, addiction can develop even more rapidly, a person can become addicted even after their first time taking Crack.
The effects of crack include:
- Great feeling of euphoria.
- Increase of self-esteem and self-confidence, with a sense of importance.
- Feeling of escaping reality.
- Intense feelings of energy.
- Greater attention
Crack is a highly dangerous substance. It is usually unlikely that someone uses crack in a casual or recreational way in search of a significant duration, due to its highly addictive nature. Any crack consumption should be taken seriously by the user and those around him. The symptoms of crack abuse can be both physical and psychological.
Consumers who smoke crack experience extreme euphoria. Everything they experience seems more intense and they are usually too alert and energetic. The brain's reward centers are activated by crack stimulation, thus reinforcing the continued consumption of this drug..
When the pleasant effects disappear, the user feels the need to smoke more because he feels agitation, restlessness, irritability and even hallucinations.
What are the short-term effects of Crack?
The crack causes brief and intense effects of euphoria, but these are followed by other opposite or opposite effects, such as intense depression, nervousness and an extreme desire to consume more drugs. The people who use it often do not eat or sleep properly. They may experience a large increase in heart rate, muscle spasms and seizures. The drug can make them appear paranoid delusions, anger, hostility and anxiety.
Regardless of the amount of the drug used or the frequency, The crack increases the risk of the user experiencing a heart attack, stroke, seizures or breathing problems, any of which can cause sudden death.
Crack is often mixed with other substances that create toxic gases when burned. As crack smoke does not remain for a long time, the consumption tubes are generally very short. This often causes them to cut their lips and appear what are known as blisters or "Crack lip", as users keep the tube very hot pressed against their lips.
Because it is smoked, the effects of cocaine are more immediate and more intense than that of cocaine powder, generating:
- Loss of appetite
- Increased heart rate, blood pressure and body temperature
- Increased breathing rate
- Dilated pupils
- Sleep disorders
- Erratic behavior, strange, sometimes violent
- Hallucinations, hyperexcitability, irritability
- Touch hallucinations that create the illusion of having insects under the skin
- Intense euphoria
- Anxiety and paranoia
- Panic and psychosis
- Seizures and sudden death from high doses (even the first time)
What are the long-term effects of Crack?
In addition to the usual risks associated with the consumption of cocaine, crack consumers can experience severe respiratory problems, including cough, shortness of breath, lung damage and bleeding.
Long-term effects of crack use include severe damage to the heart, liver and kidneys. Users are also more likely to have infectious diseases.
Continued daily use causes sleep deprivation and loss of appetite, which causes malnutrition. Smoking crack can also generate a aggressive and paranoid behavior.
As cocaine interferes with the way the brain processes chemicals, the drug is increasingly needed to feel "normal." Those who become addicted to cocaine (as with most other drugs) lose interest in other areas of life.
While the drug is not being used, it causes severe depression, which is more intense after each use. This can be so serious that the addict can do almost anything to get more drugs, including murder. When they can't get the crack, the depression can be so intense that it can lead to the addict suicide.
Also produces permanent damage to the blood vessels of the ear and the brain, and high blood pressure can cause heart attacks, strokes and death.
Treatment of Crack Abuse
Treatment for crack abuse usually begins with the detoxification. This is a controlled crack removal that is usually performed at a detoxification center. Doctors are able to control the severe physical symptoms of withdrawal. But patients also experience intense psychological effects, such as mood swings, agitation and anxiety during the waiting time. This period of time varies depending on the amount and time of abuse. Withdrawal can be more serious if the patient has consumed crack in high doses for a long time. Some users may experience what is known as post-acute withdrawal syndrome, in which the symptoms can extend well beyond the acute detoxification phase, which requires a treatment for mental health and close monitoring.
After finishing the detoxification, many patients go to a residential rehabilitation center or another form of structured addiction treatment. It's these moments The treatment focuses on the psychological aspects of addiction, and patients receive individual and group therapy. These programs can last from 30 days to 1 year.