Types of Curriculum Vitae, advantages and disadvantages

Types of Curriculum Vitae, advantages and disadvantages

Types Curriculum Vitae

There are several basic types of resumes that can be used to request job offers. We can choose to write a chronological, functional, combined or even non-traditional curriculum.

Of course, each type of curriculum is useful for different purposes. Therefore, when deciding what kind of Curriculum vitae use, we must think towards who is directed as well as our personal circumstances of the moment.

Below we offer more information on each type of curriculum, including what should be put in each one and when to use it.


  • 1 Chronological curriculum vitae
  • 2 Functional or thematic curriculum vitae
  • 3 Combined or mixed curriculum vitae
  • 4 Nontraditional curriculum vitae

Chronological curriculum vitae

This type of CV is the most common and the most used to apply for employment in most companies. To make a chronological curriculum vitae we must start by making a list of our work history, placing the most recent experience first. Below we will list our other works in reverse chronological order.

Generally, contracting companies prefer this type of resume, because it is easy to see quite quickly and easily the work we have done and how long we have been in them.

This type of curriculum vitae works well for job seekers with a more or less solid work history. If someone starting his career and does not have any experience, or if he is going to change his career orientation for some reason, then a different type of curriculum vitae could be considered.

How to structure a chronological CV?

A chronological CV uses the following structure:

  • Personal data (name and contact information) and photo
  • Work history in reverse chronological order, unless studies have recently been completed and there is very little work experience, in which case it is better to start by explaining the type of education and qualifications
  • Regulated studies (university degrees, degrees, Vocational Training, masters, etc.)
  • Other information: driving license, availability to travel, languages, other training, etc.
  • Interests

Example Chronological CV


This type of curriculum is particularly useful for job candidates who focus on the same professional line or industry, as it will demonstrate their professional progression in that field.


If we do not have enough experience for the requested job, a chronological CV will make it more evident.

If we want to change the direction of our career, a chronological CV may not be as relevant for a recruiter, since it will interest you more to know our personal skills than the detail of an experience in a certain sector that is not yours.

Functional or thematic curriculum vitae

A functional curriculum vitae focuses on our skills and experiences, rather than on your chronological work history. Distribute information by topics. It provides a quick knowledge of our training and experience in a given area. It focuses on our abilities and skills rather than our work experience or training. It does not follow a chronological progression, thus allowing us to select our strengths, highlighting our abilities and achievements, and omitting or blurring the unwanted ones.

A functional resume can include if you want a concise list of our work history at the bottom of the resume.

These types of resumes are the most used by people who are changing careers or who have gaps in their employment history.

It is also useful for people who are new to their job or have limited work experience. By highlighting your skills more than your work history, you can emphasize to what extent you are qualified for the job.

How to structure a functional CV?

A functional CV usually begins with a personal profile that highlights personal achievements, skills and qualities. Then it is followed by a succession of sections, each related to a different ability or ability. These should be included in decreasing order of importance. Instead of focusing on a particular job, we must describe our experience in its entirety. Since no specific function is detailed, we can include any skills or experience acquired in voluntary or unpaid work.

Functional CV Example


If we have changed jobs frequently or our experience is a combination of scattered and unrelated jobs, a functional CV will help us to emphasize what we can offer the contracting company instead of our professional progression.

If we are going to change specialty, a functional CV will help the recruiter to receive all our transferable skills.

If we have a more mature age, a functional CV will focus the focus away from our age.


If we have a lot of experience in a given job, we may have difficulty highlighting our achievements in a specific section.

Most employers do not like this type of CV, since they prefer to clearly see what the candidate has done and often ask questions about whether the candidate is trying to hide something.

A functional CV will not allow us to highlight the progression of a consistent career. If we wish to convey this aspect, it is better to adopt a chronological format.

Combined or mixed curriculum vitae

A combined curriculum vitae is a mixture between a chronological curriculum and a functional curriculum. At the top of this type of curriculum we will list our capabilities and qualifications. Below we will include a history of chronological work. Nevertheless, Work history is not going to be the focus of this type of curriculum, and usually does not take up much space.

With this type of curriculum vitae we can highlight the most relevant skills for the job we are requesting while providing our chronological work history. Most employers want to see our history of chronological work, even if it is not particularly extensive.

A combined CV follows both the chronological and functional format, which makes the CV a little longer than normal. However, it does offer the best of both types of CV and use is becoming a more popular structure.

Mixed CV Example


This type of curriculum helps us highlight our best option for the job we want to access, while giving the entrepreneur all the information he wants.

It is the perfect format if we have a good career development with many achievements.

It allows us to sell our strengths, as well as our experience.


It is longer than a functional or chronological CV, which can deter some employers.

It is not suitable for those jobs that require little experience or personal achievements.

It is not suitable for those with many different types of employment.

Nontraditional curriculum vitae

A nontraditional resume is a unique version of your resume in which we can include photographs, videos, graphics, images and other visual elements. It might be an online curriculum vitae such as a video or a resume in the form of infographics. It could also be a resume that is included in a social networking website.

Nontraditional resumes are ideal for people with eminently creative fields of work, who want to demonstrate their ability to create visually appealing designs or make web pages, for example. It can be a good way for a candidate to stand out from the multitude of professions such as design, web design, journalism and many more.

You can check and download more resume templates here.

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