As we all know, in any job it is essential to protect workers against the risks arising from the work environment to promote and maintain the highest level of safety and health. In today's article, we will explain how labor protection promotes the safety and mental health of workers. They will leave here knowing how to effectively protect employees to promote their physical, mental and social well-being.
- 1 Prevention of occupational hazards
- 2 Importance of individual worker protection
- 3 Occupational safety and health
Occupational risk prevention
The prevention of occupational hazards can be defined as the discipline that seeks to promote the safety and health of employees by applying a set of activities and measures in order to avoid or reduce the dangers or risks arising from work, as are accidents at work, illness or injury.
Any contracted company or self-employed person must comply with the labor risk prevention law in order to guarantee the protection and safety of workers, without putting their lives at risk. There are many and very important risks that threaten the health and safety of employees, which is why we must evaluate, take consideration and prevent each one of them. The prevention of occupational accidents and diseases is the main objective in the management of occupational safety and health. To do this, we must adopt measures of collective and individual protection that allow us to perform each job in a safe way.
Importance of individual worker protection
Many parts of the body are likely to need protection, which is why currently, in the market, there are different types of protective equipment for workers (personal protective equipment or EPIS) from gloves to ensure the safety of the hands, protectors hearing aids such as earplugs and earmuffs to protect the ears from noise, eye protectors such as safety goggles and welding screens to protect the eyes, respiratory protection equipment such as masks or masks to ensure breathing protection to equipment height protection for vertical work and at heights such as safety harnesses or lifelines.
Each protective equipment must be selected taking into account the risks to be protected and according to the conditions existing in the work environment. In addition, the equipment must adapt perfectly to the worker responding to their safety and health.
Adopting good preventive practices with the correct use of personal protective equipment is essential for each employee to safely carry out their work, without suffering any occupational accident or illness. Well, this promotes the safety and health of workers.
Security and health at work
Occupational safety and health is a relevant issue that affects both employers and workers. Establishing the essential means and equipment to perform a job reliably is a worker's right and a responsibility on the part of the owner. For this reason, it is very important to be aware of the risks in each job position to avoid all types of occupational accidents and reduce occupational diseases at work.
On the other hand, Working in a safe and healthy environment promotes the general physical, mental and emotional well-being of the employee. Physical well-being is directly linked to the mental health of individuals, when we go through situations of tension, stress or anxiety Our body suffers the consequences. Then, the mind weakens and affects the immune system of the body. For example, the consequences of working in an unfavorable working environment, with problems with superiors or colleagues or with excessive noise exposure for too long affect work performance and worker productivity.
The factors that must be taken into account to help improve the physical and mental health of workers are the active breaks from time to time, the realization of sport and physical activity, the know how to eat, the break, among other. All these factors not only improve the general health of the worker, they also provide a feeling of well-being.
As you can see, the correct adaptation in the same workspace of all the factors to improve the general well-being of the worker together with the personal protection equipment is essential to achieve a favorable working environment that prevents risks and promotes health and well-being among workers.
Judit Restrudis, editor of Comerç Turró, specialists in labor protection and occupational health.